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福建专升本考试2011年英语历年真题

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机密☆启用前

2011年福建省高职高专升本科入学考试

大学英语  试卷

(考试时间120分钟,满分150分)

答题说明:(1)选择题部分的答案请在答题卡上相应的字母中间划横线,如[A]。

 (2)主观题的答案写在答题纸上相应的位置。

注意事项:答案写在试卷上一律不给分。

 I. Vocabulary and Structure (45 points, 1.5 for each)

    Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

1. You should accept the fact _____you have lost the very good chance.

A. that

B. which

C. what  

D. it

2. Mandy demanded that Gary _____ the truth no matter what had happened.

A. tell

B. told    

C. tells

D. would tell

3. — Bruce was injured in a traffic accident.

  — ________ I talked with him just yesterday.

A. Is that right?

B. I beg your pardon?

C. I see.

D. Oh, no!

4. Go home quickly , Tina. You parents and friends are concerned ____your safety.

A.about

B.with

C.to

D.in

5. Don't be too hard on himAfter all, it was for the first time ________ he made such a mistake

A. that  

B. when  

C. since   

D. before

6. When I took his temperature, it was two degrees above _____.

A. average

B. ordinary

C. regular

D. normal

7. I’d just got off the plane _______________ I realized I had left my key at my seat.

A. as

B. when

C. while   

D. after

             

8. Eat ___ cake you like and leave the others for ___ comes in late.

A. any; who

B. every; whoever

C. whichever; whoever

D. either; whoever

9. I know the number of people in this city _____ 550000 and a number of them____ from Asia.

A. are are

B. is is

C. is are

D. are is

10. Not many students will give you a correct answer, for they know _______ about the thing.

A. much

B. little

C. few

D. many

11. This brand of handbag is ______________

A. twice as expensive as that one

B twice expensive than that one

C as twice expensive as that one

D two times as expensive as that one

12. Tom is ______________ alcohol and considers drinking as a vital part of his life.

A. short of

B. aware of

C. addicted to

 D. faced with

13. Having heard of several traffic accidents happened recently, she is more now when she is driving.

A. cautious

B. capable

C. cheerful

D. confident

14. Could you find someone _____

A. for me to play tennis with

B. for me to play tennis

C. play tennis with

D. playing tennis with

15. Color-blind people often find it difficult to ____ blue from green

Ajudge

 B. tell

C. divide

D. separate

16. A performance __________ by students in our institute tonight. It might be very wonderful , I suppose.

A. is to put on

B. is to be put on

C. was to be put on

D. is to be putted on

17. _________is estimated that the computer company will have another harvest year.

A. This

 B That

C What  

D. It

18. Helen won't approve of your proposal__________.

A. so will Jim

B . so won’t Jim

C nor will Jim  

D . nor won’t Jim

               

17.You must get there within an hour. There should be no ________ in sending this information to him.

A. question

B. problem

C. quarrel

D. delay

18.Any applicant form ______ properly will not be accepted by the company.

A. not to be filled

 B. not filled

C. not being filled

D. not having been filled

19.Mr Taylor was fired as he had been absent from work without _____.

A. purpose

B. doubt

C. permission

D. difficulty

20.Only under special circumstances ______to take make-up tests.

A are permitted freshmen

B permitted are freshmen

C freshmen are permitted

D are freshmen permitted

23. Although Anne is happy with her career success ,she wonders_____will happen to her private life.

A that

B what

C it

D this

24.If I had remembered ____ the window, the thief would not have got in.

A . to close

B . closing

C . to have closed

D . having closed

25. The doctor told Penny that too much _____________ to the sun is bad for the skin.

A. exposure

B. extension

C. exhibition

D. expansion

26.This is the only one of the rarest questions that ______at such a meeting.

A. has ever been raised

B. is raised

C. are raised  

D. have ever been raised

27.She got a scholarship to Oxford but ______ a year later.

A. pulled out

B. gave out  

C. took out  

D. dropped out

28.The careless man received a ticket for speeding. He  _____________ so fast .

A. can’t have driven  

B. wouldn’t have driven

C. mustn’t have driven  

D. shouldn’t have driven

29.They failed to_____ the directors that their proposals would work

A. convince

B. confirm

C. convert

D. control

30.I hope my teacher will take me recent illness into _____ when judging my examination.

A. regard

B. account

C. counting

D. observation

 II. Cloze Test (15 points, 1 for each)

Directions: There are 15 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are our choices marked A, B ,C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

Family Meals

Good nutrition and a balanced diet will help your child grow up healthy. Whether your kid is a toddler(学步的孩子)or a teen, you can take   31   to improve nutrition and encourage smart   32   habits. There are five best strategies,   33  is to have   34   family meals.

Family meals are a comforting occasion for both parents and kids. Kids who take part in regular family meals are also   35   to eat fruits, vegetables and grains, and less likely to snack on  36  foods, smoke or drink alcohol.   37  , family meals offer the chance to introduce your child to new foods and   38   which foods your child likes and which ones he or she doesn't.

Teens may turn up their noses at the prospect(前景)of a family meal — not   39   because they're trying to become independent.   40   studies find that teens still want their parents' advice and counsel, so use mealtime as a chance to reconnect. Also, consider trying these strategies:

   41   your teen to invite a friend to dinner.

    ·Involve your teen in meal planning and preparation.

    ·Keep mealtime calm and congenial — no lectures or   42   .

What’s important as a family meal?  43  you and your family eat together — whether it's takeout food or a home-cooked meal.

Try to strive for nutritious food and a time when everyone can be there. This may mean eating dinner a little later to accommodate a child who's at sports practice. It can also mean   44   time on the weekends , such as Sunday brunch(早午餐), when it may be more convenient to   45   as a group.

31.A. steps  

B. rules

C. meals

D. advantages

32.A. learning

B. eating

C. sleeping

D. behaving

33.A. one of them  

B. one of that

C. one of which

D. of which one

34.A. common  

B. usual  

C. regular

D. normal

35.A. still  

B. not  

C. more   

D. less

36.A. cheap  

B. expensive  

C. various  

D. unhealthy

37.A. As a result

B. In addition

C. In reality

D. Generally speaking

38.A. find out

B. bring in

C. pick out   

D. make up

39.A. outstanding

B. interesting

C. surprising  

D. challenging

40.A.Unless

B. And   

C. Yet

D. Since

41.A.Order

B. Allow  

C. Imagine  

D. Forbid

42.A.drinking  

B. arguing  

C. smoking  

D. delaying

43.A.Some time

B. Any time

C. One time

D. What time

44.A.setting off  

B. setting down

C. setting aside

D. setting on

45.A. study  

B. live

C. discuss

D. gather

III. Reading Comprehension (45 points)

Section A (30 points, 2 for each)

Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each of the three passages is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.  For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage

    A dinner party is often a pleasurable time for everyone but the host, so the important point to keep in mind is that “planning” is a key part of a successful dinner party.

    All too often, hosts make the mistake of over-exerting themselves, leaving little time to enjoy the evening themselves. The following information can help you make it an enjoyable night for both yourself and your guests.

    Firstly, make a guest list so you’ll know how many people to cook for. Let your guests know the time and date of the dinner well in advance and be sure to remind them shortly before the party.

    Make a checklist of ingredients and drinks that you’ll need and try to buy them a couple of days before the party. cleaning till the day off, you might find yourself more stressed than you need to be. Keeping the menu simple doesn’t mean it has to be boring. The night will also be a lot easier for you if you prepare dishes that can be laid out at the centre of the table, allowing guests to serve themselves.

    You can provide some music and the type of music will depend on the type of guests. You might not think of it, but the night will  run a lot smoother with background music for the evening.

46. What can be inferred from the first two paragraphs ?

    A. Usually both the host and the guests enjoy themselves at the party.

    B. A good "planning" means over-exerting the host.

    C. The host should make a fuller preparation in order to have more time to enjoy the party.

    D. It's important for hosts to leave themselves some time to enjoy the dinner party.

 47. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in planning a diner party ?

    A. Inform your guests of the time and date beforehand.

    B. List the ingredients and drinks for the party and buy them before the party.

    C. Practice cooking according to menu.

    D. Prepare some proper music for the party.

48. Get your house in order the day before the dinner party so that___________ .

    A. you may find yourself less stressed than you need to be

    B. you won't get up so early on the party day

    C. you will have little time to enjoy the party

    D. your guests will be much happier

49. Which statement is NOT true according to the information given in the passage?

    A. Making lists helps.

    B. A simple menu must be boring as well.

    C. Music can make the party go smoother.

    D. Allowing guests to help themselves makes things easier.

50. What's the third paragraph mainly about ?

    A. How to save time for a dinner party.

    B. How to entertain your guests.

    C. How to plan a party.

    D. How to enjoy yourself at a party.

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage

          "Family" is of course an elastic(弹性的) word. But when British people say that their society is based on  family life, they are thinking of "family" in its narrow, peculiarly European sense of mother, father, and children living together alone in their own house as an economic and social unit. Thus, every British marriage indicates the beginning of a new and independent family—hence the tremendous importance of marriage in British life. For both the man and the woman, marriage means leaving one's parents and starting one's own life. The man's first duty will  then be to his wife, and the wife's to her husband. He will be entirely responsible for her financial support, and she for the running of the new home. Their children will be their common responsibility and theirs alone. Neither the wife's parents nor the husband's, nor their brothers or sisters, aunts or uncles, have any right to interfere with them—they  are their own masters.

          Readers of novels like Jane Austin's Pride and Prejudice will know that in former times marriage among wealthy  families were arranged by the girl's parents, that is, it was the parents' duty to find a suitable husband for their  daughter, preferably a rich one, and by skillful encouragement—lead him eventually to ask their permission to marry her.

    Until that time, the girl was protected and maintained in the parents' home and the financial relief(减轻) of getting rid  of her could be seen in their giving the newly married pair a sum of money called a dowry(嫁妆 ).It is very different today. Most girls of today get a job when they leave school and become financially independent before their marriage.

    This has had two results. A girl chooses her own husband, and she gets no dowry.

51.What does the author mean by "Family is of course an elastic word"?

    A. Different families have different ways of life.

    B. Different times produce different families.

    C. Different nations have different families.

    D. Different definitions could be given to the word.

52.For an English family, the husband's duty is ______.

    A. financial while the wife's is running the home

    B. defending the family which the wife's is running the home

    C. supporting the family while the wife's is financial

    D. independent while the wife's is dependent

53.Everything is decided in a British family ______.

    A. by the couple

    B. with the help of their parents

    C.by brothers and sisters

    D.with the help of aunts and uncles

54. What is true concerning the book “Pride and Prejudice”?

    A. It is the best book on marriage.

    B. It is a handbook of marriage.

    C. It gives quite some idea of English social life in the past.

    D. It provides a lot of information of former-time wealthy families.

55.With regard to marriage in Britain, present-day girls differ from former time girls in ____.

    A. the right to get married

    B. more parental support

    C.finding a job

    D. social position

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage

        Praise is a powerful tool but many parents have misconceptions about what it does and how it works.

    Praise encourages motivation and confidence, but a surprising number of people think it's the cause of  jealousy, laziness and resentment. What are the most common assumptions about praise?

      “There's no need to say anything.”

       If things are going well, you may think there's no need to say anything. This attitude can be summed  up as “if I don't say anything, then everything's OK”. What  this really means is “I'll only say something  when there is something to criticize”.

      “If I say 'well done', they'll stop trying.”

        Do you think that if you compliment your children they'll slack off? If we are praised for a job well done,

    it generally encourages us to do better, not worse. The disappointment we feel when good work is not recognized   gives rise to the feeling “why should I bother if nobody notices?”

      “If I praise one, the others will be jealous.”

        If you are honest and fair in your praise and recognize the special talents of each child, they won't resent  praise given to their siblings. Each will feel valued for the unique individuals they are. Children who feel good about themselves are usually generous in their praise of other people. Never use praise of one as a way of implicitly criticizing another. For example, “you're always so cheerful...”with its implied message “... unlike your moody brother”.

       “What if there's nothing to praise?”

        There is always something to praise. You have to catch your child doing  something right. Have a positive attitude to the things he does and remember the praise must always be genuine. Your child will quickly sense when you are lying.

56. Many parents have misunderstandings about

   A. how powerful praise is

   B. what praise is

   C. what praise does and how it works

   D. how to give genuine praises to their children

57. Why do some parents consider it unnecessary to say anything to praise their children?

   A. Because they think things aren’t always going well.

   B. Because they don’t like to praise their children.

   C. Because they only think it necessary to say something when there is something to             criticize.

   D. Because they don’t like to criticize their children.

58. When you are praising one kid, you should

   A. praise other kids too

   B. explain the kid’s special talents

   C. tell others to be generous and not to be jealous

   D. make sure you don’t hurt another kid indirectly

59. Children who ________ are usually generous in their praise of other people.

   A. feel good about themselves

   B. feel bad about themselves

   C. seldom receive praises

   D. receive false praises

60. Which of the following may be the best title for this passage?

   A. How to Be Good Parents

   B. Misunderstandings About Praise

   C. The Power of the Praise

   D. All Kids Love Praises

Section B Short Answer questions(15 points, 3 for each)

Directions: Answer each of the questions in less than 10 words.

Pronouncing a language is a skill. Every normal person is an expert in the skill of pronouncing his own languagebut few people are even moderately proficient at pronouncing foreign languages. Now there are many reasons for thissome obvioussome perhaps not so obvious. But I suggest that the fundamental reason why people in general do not speak foreign languages very much better than they do is that they fail to grasp the true nature of the problem of learning to pronounceand consequently never set about tackling it in the right way. Far too many people fail to realize that  pronouncing a foreign language is a skillone that needs careful training of a special kindand one that cannot be  acquired by just leaving it to take care of itself. I think even teachers of languagewhile recognizing the importance  of a good accenttend to neglectin their practical teachingthe branch of study concerned with speaking the language.

So the first point I want to make is that English pronunciation must be taught; the teacher should be prepared to devote some  of the lesson time to thisand by his whole attitude to the subject should get the student to feel that here is a matter worthy  of receiving his close attention.

Besides this question of the time given to pronunciationthere are two other requirements for the teacherthe firstknowledge; the second technique.

It is also possible in this way to get a clear mental picture of the relationship between the sounds of different languagesbetween the speech habits of English people and thosesayof your students. Unless the teacher has such a pictureany comments he may make on his students‘ pronunciation are unlikely to be of much useand lesson time spent on pronunciation may well be time-wasted.

61.If people succeed in understanging the problem of ________ ,they can speak foreign          languages as well as their native languages.

62.What does the word "one" in the fifth sentence of the first paragraph refer to?

       

63.What are the three requirements for a language teacher according to the passage?

64.The teacher should make his students feel that pronunciation is a matter  ________.

65.What is the passage mainly about?

IV. Translation (20 points, 4 or ach)

Directions: In this part, there are five items which you are required to translate into Chinese. Each item consists of one or two sentences. These sentences are all taken from the reading passages you have just read. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.

66. A dinner party is often a pleasurable time for everyone but the host, so the  important point to keep in mind is that “planning” is a key part of a successful dinner party.

67. You can provide some music and the type of music will depend on the type of guests. You might not think of it, but the night will run a lot smoother with background music for the evening.

68. He will be entirely responsible for her financial support, and she for the running of  the new home.

69. The disappointment we feel when good work is not recognized gives rise to the  feeling “why should I bother if nobody notices?”

70. Have a positive attitude to the things he does and remember the praise must always be genuine. Your child will quickly sense when you are lying.

 V. Writing (25 points)

Directions: For this part you are to write a composition in no less than 100 words and you are required to base your composition entitle

    My Definition of a successful life on the outlines given below in Chinese.

   (根据下面的三点中文提示,写一篇不少于100个英文单词的短文)

      1. 人们对于成功生活的理解各不相同;

      2. 我对成功生活的理解是……

      3. 我该如何为未来的成功生活而努力。


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