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福建专升本考试2010年英语历年真题

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2010福建省高职高专升本科入学考试

大学英语  试卷

(考试时间120分钟,满分150分)

答题说明:

1)选择题部分的答案请在答题卡上相应的字母中间划横线,如[A]。

2)主观题的答案写在答题纸上相应的位置。

注意事项:答案写在试卷上一律不给分。

 

I. Vocabulary and Structure (45 points, 1.5 for each)

Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

1. We had conducted hundreds of experiments________ we finally achieved the desirable result.

A. after

B. before

C. since

D. until

2. By the end of World War , the drama theaters ________ to about thirty theaters in New  York.

A. had been reduced

B. were reduced

C. have been reduced

D. reduced

3. ________, Tom has lived alone for 10 years in Japan.

A. As is he a child

 B. As he is child

C. Child as he is

D. A child as is he

4. Alone in a deserted house, he was so busy with his research work that he felt _____ lonely.

A. nothing but

B. anything but  

C. all but

D. everything but

5. Continuing raining ________ a drop in temperature in this area.

A. results from

B. adds up

C. pours into

D. results in

6. The students will put off the outing until next week, ______ they won’t be so busy.

A. when

B. which

C. as

D. while

7. They strongly believed that Bible was________.

A. worth to read it.

B. worth reading it

C. worthy of reading it

D. worthy of being read

8. The number of mixed couples in China this year ____much larger than ___ last year.

A. is, that

B. are, those

C. is, it

D. are, /

9. It is important that everyone ________use of every chance at hand.

A. makes

B. make

C. has made  

D. will make

10. The fashionable sunglasses made in Shanghai ________ comfortably.

A. are worn

B. wear

C. wearing

D. were worn

11. Our class ______ more than 50 students, some of whom are from other provinces.

A. makes up of

B. composes of

C. makes up for

D. consists of

12. All factors ________, they began to do something about the situation.

A. were taken into consideration

B. took into consideration

C. having been taken into consideration

D. having taken into consideration

13. No sooner________ the photo than he remembered his girlfriend.

A. had he seen

B. he saw

C. did he see

D. saw he

14. They would have accomplished the project, but they ________ abroad for a conference.

A. would go  

B. had gone

C. have gone

D. went

15. The Summer Place is the desirable place ________we long for.

A. where

B. in which

C. that

D. what

16. ________the film twice, she doesn’t want to go to the cinema.

A. Seeing

B. Having seen

C. Seen

D. To see

17. _________ we have learned in school is beneficial to our future career.

A. What

B. That

C. All what

D. Which

18. Most students prefer _______ with their friends online to_______ them in person.

A. chatting, visit

B. to chat, visiting

C. to chat, visit

D. chatting, visiting

19. Most of the toys were _________ to me by my elder brother.

A. handed over

B. handed down

C. handed in

D. handed out

20. John, along with his cousin from the U.S., _________  to the park.

A. suggests going

B. suggest to go

C. suggests to go

D. suggest going

21. _________  she broke the world record in the Winter Olympic Games was beyond our imagination.

A. What   

B. While

C. That  

D. When

22. He has always regretted _________ the attractive girl for the phone number.

A. not asking

B. to ask

C. not to ask

D. asking

23. What he said at the meeting left me _________  about his real purpose.

A. wondered

B. wonder

C. to wonder

D. wondering

24. Some unexpected problems _________ when he left his job.

A. rose

B. aroused  

C. raised  

D. arose

25. They _________  informed, or they would get here on time.

A. mustn’t have been

B. shouldn’t have been

C. can’t have been

D. needn’t have been

26. His parents no longer worry about him. He has a good job and can live _____now.

A. of his own

B. by his own

C. on his own

D. with his own

27. We are sometimes afraid to speak out our minds lest it _________ trouble.

A. would cause

B. could cause

C. cause

D. causes

28. We should urge the government to take some _________ measures to_________  the unpleasant social problems.

A. efficient, tackle

B. effective, handle

C. efficient, cope

D. effective, deal

29. Be careful when you watch the painting as it is _________  .

A. valueless

B. priceless  

C. costless   

D. worthless

30. The designing of such a complicated device is _________ an easy job.

A. by all means

B. by any means

C. by means of

D. by no means

II. Cloze (15 points, 1 for each)

Directions: There are 15 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

James wrote a play   31   television, about an immigrant family who came to England from Pakistan, and the problems they had in England. The play was  32  , and it was bought by an American TV company.

James was invited to go to New York to help   33   the production. He lived in Dulwich,   34   is an hour' s journey away from Heathrow. The flight was      3  35   leave at 8:30 a.m., so he had to be at the airport about 7:30 in the morning. He ordered a mini-cab for 6:30,   36   his alarm for 5:45, and went to sleep.   3  37  he forgot to wind the clock, and it stopped shortly after midnight. Also the driver of the mini-cab had to work very late that night and  38  .

James woke with that awful feeling  39   something was wrong. He looked at his alarm clock. It stopped there silently, with the hands  40  to ten past twelve. He turned on the radio and discovered that it was, in fact, ten to nine. He swore quietly and   41  the electric kettle .

He was just pouring the   42   water into the teapot when the nine o'clock pips sounded  43   the radio. The announcer began to read the news “...reports are coming in of a crash near Heathrow Airport. A Boeing 707 bound for New York crashed shortly after taking  44   this morning, Flight number 2234...” James turned pale.

“My flight,” he said out aloud. “ If I   45  , I would have been on that plane.”

31.A.for  

B. against   

C.to

D.about

32.A.surprising success

B.Surprisingly successful

C.successfully surprising

D.successful surprise

33.A.in

B.out

C.at

D.with

34.A.that  

B.which  

C.it

D.as

35.A.due to   

B.set to  

C.decided to

D.ordered to

36.A.put  

B.putting  

C.set

D.setting

37.A.Fortunately  

B.Luckily     

C.Unfortunately

D.Happily

38.A.oversleeps

B.overslept

C.overstays   

D.overstayed

39.A.that   

B.which   

C.it

D.as

40.A.pointing  

B.points   

C.pointed

D.to point

41.A. switched out  

B.switched on

C. switched down  

D.switched off

42.A.boiled  

B.boiling   

C.being boiled  

D.being boiling

43.A.in  

B.on   

C.out of  

D.inside

44. A.off

B.down  

C.away

D.out

45.A.did not oversleep

B.haven't overslept  

C.do not oversleep

D.hadn't overslept

III. Reading Comprehension 45 points

Section A (30 points, 2 for each)

Direction: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage

Coffee is one of the most popular drinks throughout the world today. In fact, according to some estimates, over 30% of all adults in the world drink coffee at least once a day on the average.

Coffee contains a kind of drug called caffeine. Caffeine is a chemical substance that stimulates the nerves of the body. Drinking coffee tends to make people a little bit more awake---at least for a short time---because of this stimulating effect on the nervous system. A cup of coffee has, on the average, about 3% caffeine in it.

One story of the discovery of the coffee plant relates to this effect of caffeine. According to the story, coffee was discovered in East Africa. The story says that coffee was first found by a goat farmer named Kaldi. This was about the year 850.

Kaldi was leading his animals through the mountains and the goats were stopping repeatedly to eat the plants near the path. Suddenly, some of the goats started jumping up and down in a very strange way.

Kaldi figured out that the goats were acting this way because of the plants they were eating. Kaldi himself tried eating some of the green beans that the goats had been eating. He, too, felt the stimulating effect of the beans.

Kaldi wanted to prove what had happened, so he picked some of the beans and took them back to his home village, where he told his story. The green bean got the name “Kaffa” and later “coffee” because the beans were discovered in a place called Kaffa in Africa.

Then for years, people used to eat a few of the green Kaffa beans when they were in the mountains and needed extra energy or stimulation. It was later found that the coffee beans could be picked and then dried until they turned brown, and then they could be stored. If the beans were dried and stored, they could be used at any time.

46. Caffeine is a kind of drug that can _________ .

A. strengthen one’s heart

B. make one’s bones strong 

C. make one more active or alert     

D. ease the pain on the body

47. According to the passage, one will become_________  if he drinks coffee.

A. clear-headed

B. strong

C. nervous

D. intelligent

48. Kaldi was a_________ .

A. doctor

B. shepherd

  C. druggist

D. chemist

49. How did the goats react after eating the plants?

A. They refused to leave.   

B. They could not find their way home.

C. They started jumping up and down.

D. They stopped repeatedly to eat them.

50. Why did the green bean get the name “Kaffa”?

A. Because Kaldi loved his home village very much.

B. Because Kaldi’s goats loved the green beans very much.

C. Because the beans were discovered in a place so named.

D. Because the beans could be picked and dried.

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage

In the United States, about 750,000 persons have suffered AIDS. More than one half of them have died.

But doctors say evidence also shows there is no reason for persons to become terrified by the disease. The AIDS virus is spread during sex with an infected partner, or by infected blood. But doctors say their studies show the disease is not spread through normal, close social activities.

A study by one research team was printed in the New England Journal of Medicine. The doctors studied one-hundred-one family members who lived with AIDS and lived in crowded conditions. The family members shared many personal goods with the patients. These included toothbrushes, drinking glasses, beds, towels and toilets.

Doctors said only one family member---a five-year-old girl---got the AIDS virus. They note, however, that the girl’s mother had the disease. They believe the girl probably was born with the virus. No other family member in the study got the AIDS virus or showed any signs of the disease.

The head of the study, Gerald Friedland, said if the disease is not easily spread in crowded homes, it also will not spread easily in factories, offices, schools and other public places. Doctor Friedland said the study also shows there is no reason to punish AIDS patients and to force them to live separately from other persons.

American health officials recently warned, however, that some health care workers should take special care. The report noted the AIDS virus is carried in blood and other body fluids. It said health care workers should put protective covers over their eyes and skin during medical operations, dental work, or other times when the patient may bleed.

In the United States, most AIDS patients are homosexual people, people taking drugs, people who used infected needles, and persons who received infected blood. More recent studies show the AIDS virus also can be spread during heterosexual(异性的)relations. It can spread either from the man to the woman, or from the woman to the man.

51. Doctors say there is no reason for people to be frightened about AIDS because_________ .

A. it is not deadly

B. few people are infected with AIDS

C. the AIDS virus is not spread in everyday social activities  

D. the AIDS virus is not spread during sex

52. The study of 101 family members who lived with AIDS patients shows that _____.

A. the AIDS is not spread by personal goods  

B. women are more likely to get the AIDS virus than men

C. married people are less likely to get AIDS than unmarried ones

D. the AIDS virus is passed by drinking glasses

53. From the last sentence of Para 5, we can learn that we have no reason to _________ .

A. stop meeting AIDS patients in public places

B. stop living with AIDS patients

C. fear that AIDS can be passed from a mother to a baby

D. fear that the AIDS virus can be passed during sex

54. Health workers were warned to take special care when the patient bleeds because _________ .

A. AIDS can be passed by touching the patient’s body  

B. AIDS can be spread by touching the patient’s skin

C. AIDS virus can be carried in blood or other body fluids  

D. AIDS virus is easily spread in eyes and skin

55. _________ are least likely to be infected with the AIDS disease.

A. People who take drugs

B. Persons who receive infected blood

C. People who are homosexual

D. Unmarried people who don’t take drugs

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage

Do parents owe their children anything? Yes, they owe them a great deal.

One of their chief duties is to give their children a sense of personal worth, for self-esteem is the basis of a good mental health. A youngster who is often made to feel stupid, often compared to brighter brothers, sisters, or cousins, will not feel confident and become so afraid of failing, that he (or she) won't try at all. Of course, they should be corrected when they do wrong; this is the way children learn. But the criticisms should be balanced with praises.

Parents owe their children firm guidance and consistent discipline. It is frightening for a youngster to feel that he is in charge of himself; it's like being in a car without brakes. The parent who says “No” when other parents say “Yes” sends a double message. He is also saying: “I love you, and I am ready to risk your anger, because I don't want you to get into trouble.”

Parents owe their children a comfortable feeling about their body, and enough information about sex to balance the wrong information that they will surely receive from their friends.

Parents owe their children privacy and respect for their personal things. This means not borrowing things without being permitted, not reading diaries and mail, not looking through pockets. If a mother feels that she must read her daughter's diary to know what is going on, the communication between them must be pretty bad.

Parents owe their children a set of solid values around which to build their lives. This means teaching them to respect the rights and opinions of others: it means respecting elders, teachers, and the law. The best way to teach such values is by example. A child who is lied to will lie. A child who sees his parents steal tools from the factory or towels from a hotel will think that it is all right to steal. A youngster who sees no laughter and no love in the home will have a difficult time laughing and loving.

No child asks to be born. If you bring a life into the world, you owe the child something. And if you give him his due, he'll have something of value to pass along to your grandchildren.

56. According to the passage, parents owe their children the following things Except _________ .

A. privacy

B. cars

C. respect of self

D. information about their body

57. The writer thinks that teenagers are frightened when they are in charge of themselves because_________ .

A. they don't know how to stop a car without brakes

B. there is no one to ask for help when in trouble

C. there is no one to guide and discipline them

D. they are afraid of being left alone

58. Parents are advised to show love to their children by_________ .

A. saying “Yes” to everything the children ask for.  

B. refusing something to their children.

C. never embracing older children.  

D. never criticizing children.

59. The word “due” in the last paragraph means _________ .

A. what must be given to someone because it is right or owing

B. something one should do or finish before a fixed time

C. reasonable explanation(s) or plan(s)  

D. the money to be paid

60. Which of the following statements is True according to the passage?

A. It is better to compare a youngster to his brighter brothers because it makes him try harder.

B. Parents prefer to let their children be in charge of their own lives at an early age.

C. Children shouldn't be corrected because it destroys their self-esteem.

D. Children learn much by seeing what their parents do.

Section B Short Answer questions (15 points, 3 for each)

Directions: Answer each of the following questions in less than 10 words.

What is the best way to break up a boring moment and tension in the office? How does one develop one's sense of humor?

As people are fed up with lots of things in the workplace, it's healthy to create those humorous feelings. In fact, many companies now have humor rooms. In a dull moment, you may tell a funny story about something that you did. In general, real events are funnier than invented jokes. You may also show your boss or coworkers some business articles about humor — The Wall Street Journal and other publications have several such stories. Anything that makes you laugh — in print or on tape. But don't just be a consumer of humor — be a producer, too.

Start with humor and some funny story that happened to you. The most important thing at work is to find someone who appreciates your humor. When you can laugh, somehow things don't feel so hopeless. The best humor accepts the unexpected side of things. Creativity is also strongly linked to humor. One of the exercises is to list 25 improvements for the standard. It's amazing how quickly people start to laugh as they think creatively and go for the unexpected. For example, "How about glass walls with huge fish behind them?".

Management studies show that people with a good sense of humor are more likely to have raises and go further in companies than humorless people. Actually, humor is especially useful as a social lubricant (润滑剂) — in criticisms, complaints, etc. Humor reduces the threat and tension in any situation. Please put more humors in your work.

61. Many companies provide____ and keep magazines with funny stories to help remove the tension of their employees.

62. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?

63. The best humor involves _________ .

64. Management studies show that humorous people_________ .

65. The author concludes that humor helps_________ .

IV. Translation (20 points, 4 for each)

Directions: In this part, there are five items which you are required to translate into Chinese. Each item consists of one or two sentences. These sentences are all taken from the reading passages you have just read. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.

66. Caffeine is a chemical substance that stimulates the nerves of the body. Drinking coffee tends to make people a little bit more awake.

67. Doctor Friedland said the study also shows there is no reason to punish AIDS patients and to force them to live separately from other persons.

68. In the United States, most AIDS patients are homosexual people, people taking drugs, people who used infected needles, and persons who received infected blood.

69. One of their chief duties is to give their children a sense of personal worth, for self-esteem is the basis of a good mental health.

70. This means teaching them to respect the rights and opinions of others: it means respecting elders, teachers, and the law. The best way to teach such values is by example.

V. Writing (25 points)

Directions: For this part you are to write a composition in no less than 120 words and you are required to base your composition entitled Learning to Be Grateful on the outlines given below in Chinese.

根据下面的三点中文提示,写一篇不少于120个英文单词的短文)

1. 现在学校乃至整个社会越来越重视感恩教育。

2. 心怀感恩的重要性(如责任感,爱心……)。

3. 我的做法。


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