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福建专升本考试2009年英语历年真题

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机密☆启用前

2009年福建省高职高专升本科入学考试

大学英语  试卷

(考试时间120分钟,满分150分)

I.Vocabulary and Structure(45 points,1.5 for each)

1. _______you would have seen your favorite movie star

AIf you arrived earlier

BIf you had arrived earlier

CUnless you arrived earlier  

DUnless you had arrived earlier

2. The driver’s carelessness _______  the death of three passengers

Aresulted from

Bresulted in

Ccame across

Dcame about

3. In Englandtea _______ with milk and sugar

Ais serving

 Bis served

Cserves

Dserved

4. Written in great haste_______.  

Athe secretary made a lot of mistakes in the report

Bthere were a lot of mistakes in the report

Cwe found a lot of mistakes in the report

Dthe report was full of mistakes

5. It's suggested that each one of us _______ the training classes for English.

A. takes part in

 B. take part in

C. took part in

D. would take part in

6. The only thing_______ interests me is the progress of my students.

A. what

B. that

 C. which

D. it

7. People do not realize the importance of good health        they have lost it.

A. until  

B. when

C. since    

D. as

8. If there were no homework at weekends, students would have      at home

A. the happiest time

B. much happiest time

C. a more happier time  

D. a much happier time



9. The reason he won the election is        he is honest and confident of himself.

A. why

 B. what

 C. that

D. which

10. Mr. and Mrs. Brown        a small restaurant in China Town in New York.

A. serve

B. start

C. open  

D. run

11. He cannot         a car, for he doesn't earn that much money.

A. obtain  

 B. get

C. deserve

D. afford

12. It was in 1949      the People's Republic of China was founded.

A. when

B. while

C. as

D. that

13. Your hair needs      . You'd better have it done tomorrow

A. cut

B. to cut

C. cutting

 D. being cut

14. By the end of next year, I       enough money to buy a house.

A. will save

B. have saved

C. must save

D. with have saved

15. Much      our relief, he survived the severe earthquake.

A. to

B. in

C. for

D. with

16. Hasn't he arrived yet? He is       to be here at 8. Now it is 8:30

A. regarded

B. supposed

C. considered

D. known

17. It was kind of  you       us when we were in trouble

Ato help

Bhelping

Cwho help

Dhelp

18. The engineer soon       thatsomething had gone wrong with the project

Aremembered

Brealized

Crecognized

Dmemorized

19. MTSmith is looking for an experienced secretary who is       of organizing a sales  office

A. able

B. capable

C .possible

D. responsible

20. Fifty dollars      a big sum of money for a ten-year-old boy

A. are

B. is  

C. to be  

D. being

21. The new batteries(电池)cause little environmental problems and      little space

A. use

B. hold

C. occupy

D. maintain

22. So badly      in the accident that he was sent to the hospital for treatment

A. he was injured

B. he injured

C. was he injured

D. injured he

 

          

  23.They  were  so angry that they went over to the restaurant manager to       the service      they had received

A. complain

B.complain about

C. argue

D. argue about

  24. To our surprisethe fashionable young lady we met in the hotel       to be a thief.

 A. turned up

B. turned over  

C. turned down  

D. turned out

  25. The teacher had John      at the door for an hour  because he was late for class

A. stand  

B. to stand  

C. stood  

D. stands

  26. The price of apples      from$2 to$4 per kilo in supermarket

A. differed

B. ranged  

C. changed  

D. altered

  27. For two monthsI have      every day sitting by his bedside

A. taken

B. cost

C. spent

D. paid

28. The 29th Olympic Games      in Beijing in 2008was a great success

A. held  

B. which held

C. to be held

D. was held

29. When it       to American history, he knows little about it

A. talks

B. speaks

C. comes

D. tells

30.      schools in city provide better surroundings for students

A. Generally speaking

B.Generally spoken

C. To speak generally

D. Speaking generally

IICloze Test(15 pointsl for each)

Faceslike fingerprintsare uniqueDid you ever wonder how it is possible for us to    31  People? Even a skilled writer probably could not  32  all the distinctions that make one face different from anotherYet a very young child or even an animal 33  a pigeon—can learn to recognize facesWe all  34  this ability for granted

We also tell people apart 35 how they behaveWhen we talk about someone’s personality we mean the manners  36 he or she actsspeaksthinksand feels that  37  that individual different from others

38  the human facehuman personality is very complexBut describing someone’s personality   39    words is somewhat easier than describing his face. If you were asked to describe what a “nice face” looked likeyou   40    have a difficult time doing so 41  if you were asked to describe a “nice person”you might begin to think about someone who was kind,   42    , friendlywarmand so forth

There are many words to describe how a person thinksfeelsand actsGordon Allport   43  USpsychologistfound nearly 18000 English words characterizing differences in people’s behaviorAnd many of us use this information    44   a criterion for describingor typing a  45    .Hippies, bookworms, conservatives, military types—people are described with such terms

31. Aspot  

B. locate

C. know

D. recognize

32. A. picture

B. prescribe  

C. describe  

D. demonstrate

33. A. such as

B.as  

C. for

D. with

34. A. have

B. use

C. take  

D. regard

35. A. in  

B. by

C. for

D. with

36. A. in which

B. by which

C. for which

D. on which

37. A. causes

B. cause   

C. makes  

D. make

38. A. Unlike

B. Like     

C. Alike  

D. Dislike

39. A. on   

B. by     

C. in   

D. at

40. A. will

B. would  

C. shall

D. should

41. A. So  

B. Thus  

C. but  

D. Ten

42. A. considerate

B. considerable

C. considering  

D. consideration

43. A. a  

B. an  

C. the

D. that

44. Afor  

B. as         

C. with  

D. by

45. A. person

B. people   

C. man     

D. woman

IIIReading Comprehension (45 points)

Section A(30 points2 for each)

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage

    Television has now come to nearly every familyIt has played a very important part in people’s lifeSchool children in the US watch TV about 25 hours a week

     Some people feel that television is good for children because it helps them learn about their country and the worldWith the help of programs of educationchildren do better in schoolOther people feel that there are too many programs about love and crime on TV, and that even programs of education don’t help Children a lotChildren simply watch too much televisionso they don’t do a lot of other important things for their educationChildren of three to six learn to speak their language and talk with peopleWhen they are watching TV, they are only listening to the languageand they aren’t talking with anyoneWhen school children watch TV, they read lessBecause of thisthey don’t learn to read or write quickly at schoo1

All children learn by doingand they need time to play in order to learn about the worldWhen they watch TV, they play lessThey also have less time to communicate with their parents and friendsand they have less time for sports

Recentlyfifteen families in Denver decided to stop watching TV for a month or moreAt first it was difficultbut there were soon a lot of good changes .The children read, played, and exercised more, and the family became full of joyBut at the end of the month all the families began to watch TV as much as beforeNot one family was able to give up television completely

46. Some people think that television is good for children because         

A. some programs help them love their parents

B. the news programs are important to them

C. it makes them play less than before  

D. they can learn something good from it

47. Some people think that television is bad for children because         

A. there are too many TV programs not good for children

B. its language is difficult to understand

C. it is helpful to their thinking and doing  

D. their eyes work much every day

48. Because they watch too much TV, school children       

Awrite more quickly than before

Bdon’t learn to read or write quickly at school.

Cplay a lot   

Dread and write much more

49. which of the following statement is TRUE according to the passage?

A . People can not live without television.  

B. Only through television can children learn about the world

C. when children are watching televisionthey talk with each other.

D. When children watch TV, they read and play 1ess

50. What is the writer's attitude towards television?

A. objective

B. suspicious

C. compromising

D. appreciative

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage:

    This book on open education has two parts. The first part has to do with how the teacher feels about students. The second part has to do with what the teacher does in the classroom.

    In traditional education, the teacher may feel that students are not very grown up. Usually, teachers are older than students, and teachers feel that students are young and do not know much about the world, and that he must make the students study specific things. In open education, the teacher’s feelings are very different. The teacher feels that the students are individuals first, and students second. He expects his students to be responsible for the things they do, just as adults are. A student’s ideas and feelings are just as important as the teacher’s. The teacher allows his students to decide what they want to do, and does not make them study specific subjects or things. The teacher lets them decide what to study and how much to study. It’s very important for the teacher to show how he feels about the students.

   The second part of the idea of open education has to do with what the teacher does in the classroom. In the traditional classroom, the students are told what to do. There is a list of things that the students must do to finish the class. There are rules made by the teacher that the students must follow, even if the students see no reason for the rules. In open education, the teacher allows the students to choose what to do. They may study, or talk, or do nothing at all if they want. There are no specific things for the students to do. There are no traditional rules made by the teacher. The only rules in an open classroom are rules for everyone’s safety. The students are allowed to discover subjects in the open classroom, instead of being made to study them.  Open education is a really complex idea.

51. What is this passage mainly about?

A. The system of traditional education.

B. The characteristics of open education.

C. A comparison of two kinds of education.

D. An emphasis on open education.

    

52. According to the passage students in open education             .

A. have more freedom

B. are restricted by regulations

C. study harder

D. have better results in what they study

53. What the author discusses in this passage concerns           . 

A. the teaching procedure

B. the students' activities

C. what the teacher does in the classroom

D. the attitude the teacher holds towards students and his classroom activites

54. When a school has “A Child Is Most Important ” as its slogan(口号), this school most probably adopts the idea of       

A. traditional education

B. open education

C. adult education

D. open university

55.The author regards open education as      

Amore reliable

Bcomplex

Cmodern

Dunusual

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage

When 23-year-old Eric graduated from college last yearhe didn’t have a job. Not wanting to give up his apartment and move back with his parents, he did what many young Americans are doinghe signed up with a temp(临时)agency, which places workers on short-term jobs. Temporary workers such as Eric comprise 20 percent of the US workforceIn 1985417000 workers were classified as temporary helpIn 2005there was more than 25 millionaccording to Labor Department data

    Using temporary workers allows companies to increase or decrease the number of staff as their workloads changeIt also allows companies to avoid the costs involved in hiring and firing long-term employees

    Many temp agency owners and career specialists say temping is a good way for recent graduates to get experience“Short-term jobs let graduates try out different companies to find the best fit”said Pegi Wheatleyowner of a San Francisco temp agency

    But things don’t always work out that way“When I started tempingI had this idea that a temporary job could turn full-timeIt worked for a friend of minebut that didn’t happen for me”said Ericwho quickly became bored with his office work.. Eric stayed with the temp agency because he could earn US$1 0 an hour doing office workOther short-term jobs, such as working as a store clerk or in a caf6,pay aboutUs$7

But there are drawbacks for the higher payBecause in the UShealth insurance is Provided through employermost temps are not entitled to workplace health benefitsEric ran the risk that an accident or illness would land him in the hospital with no way to pay the billOther drawbacksthough less seriousstill mean that temping for most graduates is exactly what its name implies---a temporary choice

Instability, gaps between contractslack of vacation time and isolation from other employees are drawbackstoo.

56. Eric took a short-term job mainly because      

A. he didn’t want to give up his apartment

B. he liked to try out different companies

C. he wanted to get more experience

D. a short-term job is easier to do

57According to the passagein the year of 2005more than     were classified as temporary    help

A. 2.5 million

B. 12.5 million

C. 4.17 million

D.25 million

58. Which is Not mentioned as an advantage of temping?

A. It gives recent graduates experience

B. It enables employers to adjust their workforce

C. A temporary job will turn fall—time

D. Employers Call reduce their costs

59. Eric stayed with the temp agency for some time because        

A. he liked his office work

B. he was satisfied with the pay

C. his employer provided health insurance

D. he hated gaps between contracts

60. What does the underlined word “drawbacks "in Paragraph5 mean?”

A. Benefits  

B. Compromises

C. Risks

D. Disadvantages

Section B Short Answer Questions (15 points, 3 for each)

Directions: Answer each of the questions in less than 10 words.

Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage:

    Shopping for clothes is not the same experience for a man as it is for a woman. A man goes shopping because he needs something. He knows what he wants, and his purpose is to find it and buy it; the price is a second consideration. All men simply walk into a shop and ask for what they want. If the shop has it, the salesman quickly produces it, and the business of trying it on follows at once. And if all goes well, the deal can be and often is completed in less than five minutes, with no chat and to everyone's satisfaction.

    Now how does a woman go out buying clothes? Her shopping is not always based on needs. She has never fully made up her mind what she wants, and she is only "having a look around." She will try on any number of things. The most important in her mind is the idea of finding something that everyone thinks suits her. Most women have an excellent sense of value when they buy clothes. They are always in the lookout for the unexpected bargain. Faced with a roomful of dresses, a woman may easily spend an hour going from one shelf to another, to and fro, often slowing down her steps, before selecting the dresses she wants to try on. It is a tiring process, but apparently an enjoyable one. Most dress shops provide chairs for the waiting husbands.

61. Why does a man go shopping?

62. What is a man's second consideration when he buys something?

63. How quickly can the deal be completed for a man?

64. What is the most important idea for a woman when she buys something?

65. What do most dress shops provide for the waiting husbands?

IV. Translation (20 points, 4 for each)

Directions: In this part, there are five items which you are required to translate into Chinese. Each item consists of one or two sentences. These sentences are all taken from the reading passages you have just read. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.

66. The children read, played, and exercised more, and the family became full of joy. But at the end of the month all the families began to watch TV as much as before.

67. The teacher feels that the students are individuals first, and students second. He expects his students to be responsible for the things they do, just as adults are.

68. In open education, the teacher allows the students to choose what to do. They may study, or talk, or do nothing at all if they want.

69. Not wanting to give up his apartment and move back with his parents, he did what many young Americans are doing: he signed up with a temp agency, which places workers on short-term jobs.

70. Eric stayed with the temp agency because he could earn US $ 10 an hour doing office work. Other short-term jobs, such as working as a store clerk or in a cafe, pay about US $ 7.

V. Writing (25 points)

Directions: For this part you are to write a composition in no less than 120 words and you are required to base your composition entitled Nature or Nurture on the outlines given below in Chinese.

(根据下面的三点中文提示,写一篇不少于120个英文的单词的短文)

Nature or Nurture

有些人认为先天更重要,因为……

1、 有些人认为后天培养更重要,因为……

2、 我的观点及理由……

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